The report includes a description of kava and its various preparations and historical uses, as well as interactions and side effects. It provides the details of an investigation into kava's possible association with hepatic toxicity, or chemically induced liver damage. In addition, Assessment of the Risk of Hepatotoxicity with Kava Products contains safety information as determined by several clinical trials and a case by case analysis of patients who experienced liver damage while using kava products. The report also provides regulatory information, analytical results, and clinical recommendations specific to this issue.
Kava may be linked to several cases of liver toxicity, resulting in its controversial removal from shelves in European countries. Although still sold in the U.S., the FDA has issued a strong warning detailing the potential risks of taking kava. Of the reported cases, many experienced jaundice, or the yellowing of the skin, hepatitis, and cirrhosis. Nearly all of the afflicted patients required liver transplantation.
Kava is derived from the roots of the shrub Piper methysticum, and has been used throughout Europe and the South Pacific for centuries. In the U.S., kava is often sold as a dietary supplement and in pharmaceutical preparations for anxiety patients. More information on the uses, background, and safety of kava can be found at http://www.naturalstandard.com. Please click on Products button on the Natural Standard website to purchase the full report from the WHO bookstore:Assessment of the Risk of Hepatotoxicity with Kava Products.
The Natural Standard Research Collaboration is an international, multidisciplinary research group founded by clinicians and researchers at Harvard Medical School and the University of California. Natural Standard provides high quality, evidence-based professional and consumer information about integrative therapies to institutions such as the National Institutes of Health, Harvard Medical School, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Susan G. Komen Foundation, Kaiser Permanente, and Mayo Clinic among many others. For more information, please visit http://www.naturalstandard.com.
The Law Offices of Michael H. Cohen offers corporate legal services, litigation consultation, and expertise in health law with a unique focus on holistic, alternative, complementary, and integrative medical therapies. The law firm represents medical doctors, allied health professionals (from psychologists to nurses and dentists) and other clinicians (from chiropractors to naturopathic physicians, massage therapists, and acupuncturists), entrepreneurs, hospitals, and educational organizations, health care institutions, and individuals and corporations.
Michael H. Cohen is Principal in Law Offices of Michael H. Cohen and also President of a nonprofit organization exploring legal, regulatory, ethical, and health policy issues in the judicious integration of complementary and alternative medical therapies (such as acupuncture and traditional oriental medicine, chiropractic, naturopathic medicine, homeopathy, massage therapy, energy healing, and herbal medicine) and conventional clinical care. Michael H. Cohen is author of books on health care law, regulation, ethics and policy dealing with complementary, alternative and integrative medicine, including Healing at the Borderland of Medicine and Religion, Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Legal Boundaries and Regulatory Perspectives (1998), Beyond Complementary Medicine: Legal and Ethical Perspectives on Health Care and Human Evolution (2000), and Future Medicine: Ethical Dilemmas, Regulatory Challenges, and Therapeutic Pathways to Health Care and Healing in Human Transformation (2003).
Health care and corporate lawyer Michael H. Cohen has been admitted to the Bar of California, Massachusetts, New York, and Washington D.C. In addition to qualifying as a U.S. attorney, he has been admitted and to the Bar of England and Wales as a Solicitor (non-practicing). For more information regarding the law practice of attorney Michael H. Cohen, see the FAQs for the Law Offices of Michael H. Cohen. Thank you for visiting the Complementary and Alternative Medicine Law Blog.